ما هو المعطف ذو الكيس الهوائي وكيف يعمل ؟
What is an airbag jacket and how does it work?

لقد فتح نظام المعطف ذو الكيس الهوائي بابا جديدا في النظام المتكامل لسلامة سواق الدرجات النارية, حيث يرتبط به حبل للتفعيل وعلبة مملؤة بمادة هوائية مكثفة . ينبغي ان نربط أنفسنا الى الدراجة النارية وبالتحديد الى هيكل الدراجة عند الجلوس بواسطة حبل التثبيت.أما النهاية الثانية للحبل ,فانها ترتبط بالطرف الآخر للجهاز الخاص بفتح العلبة المملؤءة بغاز ثاني اوكسيد الكاربون والموجودة داخل البدلة . وعند الهبوط فان الهيكل المتحرك الخارج من الدراجة يقوم بتحريك السلك الخاص بالتثبيت , وبذلك فهو يؤدي الى الى فتح العلبة . وعلى اساس ذلك فأن نظام الكيس الهوائي يمتلئ بصورة اوتوماتيكية خلال فترة 0,1-0,3 جزء من الثانية. أن المعطف ذو الكيس الهوائي يقلل الى حد كبير من تأثير الاضرار التي يتعرض لها الهيكل الخارجي , وبذلك فأنه يحمي بشكل فعال الاجزاء الحيوية في جسم سائق الدراجة النارية مثل الجذع, والرقبة , والاضلاع , والعظم الرئيسي وعظم العجر .

After the helmet, the airbag jacket is the most important safety innovation. Jackets are equipped with an airbag to protect motorcycle riders against injuries upon impact. Airbag jackets have two anchoring cables and a CO2 cartridge. One of these anchoring cables needs to be connected to the frame of the bike and remains there. In the event of an accident, when the rider falls off the bike the cable will separate from the bike activating the CO2 cartridge to instantly inflate the jacket in approximately 100 to 300 milliseconds. The jacket provides extra protection to the most vulnerable parts of the body (the spine, neck, ribs, collar-bone).

Airbag jacket - crash-test

يعتبر المعطف ذو الكيس الهوائي اختراع مجري
The airbag jacket is a Hungarian invention

ويمكن القول بان المعطف ذو الكيس الهوائي لسواق الدرجات النارية (او الفرسان كما يطلق عليهم اصطلاحا ) هو اختراع مجري معروف منذ زمن قديم , ويعرف مخترعه بأسم توماس شتراوب . وقد تم تسجيل الاختراع رسميا في عام 1976 ,كما جرى الاعلان عنه في عام 1977 . ويمكنكم مشاهدة الوثائق الاصلية المتعلقة بتسجيل الاختراع ,كما يمكن طلب نسخة رسمية منها في اي وقت من دائرة الاختراعات المجرية .
The airbag jacket for motorcyclists (horseriders) is a long-standing Hungarian invention. It was officially registered in 1976, published in 1977. Inventor: Tamás Straub. You can look at the original documents of the invention here. Copies are available from the Hungarian Patent Office (Hungarian Intellectual Property Office) anytime.

وقد توارد الى سمعنا سابقا بان أصل المعطف ذو الكيس الهوائي يعود الى الشرق الادنى . يا ترى من هو مخترعه ؟

So far, we know that airbag jacket is come from Far-East. But who is the original inventor of this idea?

على ضوء برائة الاختراع المقدمة الى دائرة الاختراعات المجرية في عام 1976 من قبل توماس شتراوب وكذلك على اساس تعليمات الاستعمال , يمكن القول بان المعطف ذو الكيس الهوائي يعمل على نفس تلك الاسس والقواعد . ولذلك فان (الاختراع ) المسجل بعد عقدين من الزمن بعد ذلك والذي حاز على براءة اختراع , والذي تم تسجيله باسم شخص يعرف باسم ( السيد ك.ت ) , لا يعدو من حيث المعنى سوى كونه مجرد استنساخ وسرقة لاختراع معترف به سابقا . وقد ارتكبت دائرة المخترعات اليابانية , ثم دوائر المخترعات في عدة دول أخرى بعد ذلك خطأ جسيما, عندما وافقت على طلب التسجيل الذي تقدم به السيد الياباني المشار اليه واعتبرت ذلك اختراعا بدون تدقيق وتمحيص مسبق لمحتوى البحث الجديد او المستجد .

Based on the announcement and description of the invention submitted to the Hungarian Intellectual Property Office by Thomas Straub in 1976 it can be clearly stated that the now widely manufactured and used airbag jackets work the same way as described by Thomas Straub's patent application. So, more than two decades later the Japanese solution - that was announced as an "invention" - was actually a plagiarism. The Japanese Patent Office committed a serious mistake by not researching (prior art search) thoroughly before awarding the patent to a Japanese person.

لقد حمى الكيس الهوائي المذكور حفيد الملكة اليزابيث الذي قال
Zara Phillips protected by airbag jacket

Princess Anne's daughter, 29, was competing in Enschede, Holland, when her horse lost his footing at a jump. The Queen's granddaughter was thrown into the water when High Kingdom slipped. But Miss Phillips was protected when the airbag jacket she was wearing inflated immediately after being activated by a rip cord on her saddle.
Miss Phillips, the twelfth in line to the throne, was eliminated from the competition because of the fall. The Military Boekelo is the biggest outdoor sporting event in The Netherlands and one of the most important equestrian events in the world. Miss Phillips, a keen equestrian, won the world eventing champion title in 2006 and Sports Personality of the Year for her efforts. In 2009 she was awarded an MBE for services to equestrianism and hopes to compete in the London Olympics in 2012. Earlier this year she told The Daily Telegraph that she would rather be known as an "athlete" than a "princess or a model", as she launched her first ever clothes collection. Miss Phillips, who won gold medals at the 2005 and 2007 European Eventing Championships, is yet to secure her place on the London 2012 Olympic team however. Her previous horse Toytown is unfit to ride and will be too old to compete in 2012. Miss Phillips was forced to pull out of the British Olympics team in 2008 after the horse became injured. She missed the 2004 Olympics in Athens for similar reasons with the same horse.
Source: Telegraph

( لقد عمل الكيس الموجود في بدلة السباق العائدة لي بشكل جيد)
"...The airbag in my leathers worked very well..."

Interview with Valentino Rossi after hospital release
وقد جاء ذلك في مقابلة شخصية مع فالنتينو روزي بعد الحادثة التي تعرض لها

Why You Should Consider an Airbag Jacket?

A motorcycle rider, or even an individual that loves to frequently ride horses, is often faced with a dilemma. While on the one hand they adore riding their vehicle or steed, on the other it is a very dangerous pastime or primary means of transportation. In the past even a minor crash or hard landing could cause a major physical health issue. Severe injury and death were quite common from such an occurrence. However, with the advent of the creation of motorcycle airbag jacket technology safety for riders of motorcycles and horses has increased dramatically... Read more

يستعمل رجال الشرطة في اليابان ,وفرنسا, وايطاليا , والولايات المتحدة الامريكية, والبرازيل, و تايوان الذين يقودون دراجات نارية المعطف ذو االكيس الهوائي.

Motorcycle airbag jackets are already in use by police departments in Brazil, Italy, France, Spain, Japan and Taiwan

ويمكن انقاذ حياة الالوف من سواق الدرجات النارية في حالة استعمال المعطف ذو الكيس الهوائي.

Thousands of motorcyclist's lives could be saved every year if airbag jackets would be used all over the world.

Dozens of motorcyclists' lives could be saved every year (only in UK) if air bag jackets were made compulsory, accident and emergency doctors have said. The jackets are the equivalent of car air bags and inflate if the rider is thrown off during a crash. In one version, the jacket is attached to the bike by a lead which detaches when the rider has come off suddenly. The Department of Transport said it had no plans for a new law but said it welcomed anything to improve safety... Read more

Airbag jacket saves motorcyclist's life。

While motorists who have been in car crashes often attribute the help of air bags to saving their lives, a Maryland motorcycle rider injured in a collision is doing the same -- for a jacket. Joseph McPhatter, of Randallstown, was injured in a crash on Interstate 83 after being cut off by another motorist in September. According to police, McPhatter was ejected 100 feet, hitting the ground at an impact rate of 140 mph. Police said that McPhatter might have been severely injured had it not been for...
Read more and a video

Airbag jacket saves horseriders life


Oliver Townend only escaped death thanks to the revolutionary jacket he was wearing... Read more

All about Airbag Jacket and Airbag Vest for motorcyclists and for horse riders  - (hungarian invention)
All about Airbag Jacket and Airbag Vest for motorcyclists and for horse riders  - (hungarian invention)
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